Eye Care and What You Should Know

eye, glaucoma


Often we take our sight for granted.  Many diseases and disorders that can cause loss of vision, if caught early in their development, are treatable. Regular eye exams with a trained Ophthalmologist or a Doctor of Optometry are the keys to keeping your eyes healthy and ensuring a quick diagnosis of the problem. Make regular eye exams a habit.


The answer is at birth. Your baby’s pediatrician examined your baby’s eyes at birth. We recommend that an optometrist or ophthalmologist observe how a 6-month-old baby focuses and whether both eyes are used together.

The next regular eye examination for your child should be between the ages of three and four when your baby begins to give coherent answers to questions. The exception is any noticeable eye problems or injuries. It is important for your child to have an eye exam when starting school and every two years if there are no problems detected.


Common vision disorders include myopia (nearsightedness). Nearsighted individuals typically have problems seeing well at a distance.

Hyperopia (farsightedness) is where individuals typically develop problems reading up close before the age of 40.

Astigmatism is another vision disorder. To individuals with uncorrected astigmatism, images may look blurry or shadowed.

Presbyopia is a condition that typically becomes noticeable for most people around age 45. In children and young adults, the lens inside the eye can quickly focus on distant and near objects. With age, the lens loses its ability to focus adequately.


LASIK is a procedure that corrects refractive errors. In many cases, LASIK can eliminate the need for corrective lenses. The majority of people are good candidates, but there is always the exception. Today, advanced computer technology is accessible. For an example, we use the Abbott iLASIK procedure, which combines some of the most advanced computer technology available.

In my practice, only medical doctors who are ophthalmologists, certified by the American Board of Ophthalmology, are allowed to perform the  iLASIK™ procedure.


Cataracts are the single most common disease of the eyes that causes blindness. Your odds of getting cataracts increases gradually and steadily, ultimately reaching up to 90% of people who are above age 75.

A cataract is a change in clarity of the lens inside your eye; a gradual clouding that can dull your vision. As your eyes age, the lens becomes cloudier, allowing less light to pass through your retina.

Advancements in technology provide patients with a comprehensive range of specialized Intraocular Lenses, referred to as IOLs. We believe you should be given the choice to receive the intraocular lens that is going to give you the best possible vision outcome.


Glaucoma is a condition that damages the eye’s optic nerve. This damage is usually — but not always — caused by the buildup of naturally occurring fluid within the eye. When fluid cannot escape through the eye’s clogged drainage system, the resulting pressure causes the optic nerve to deteriorate, resulting in vision loss and blindness.

By Pankaj G. Shah, M.D.