Cancer, the uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal cells, is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. There are many types of cancer and it is usually classified by the part of the body where it starts. In the United States, colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer in men and women (third to prostate and lung in men, and to breast and lung in women). More worrisome is that after lung cancer, colorectal cancer is the second most common cause of death by cancer. Awareness

Awareness

The colon (or large intestine) is the last section of the digestive system and its main function is to reabsorb water and to store non-absorbed food and fiber that will be eliminated by defecation from the rectum (last portion of the colon). Most colorectal cancers begin as polyps, which are growths on the inside walls of the colon or rectum. Polyps vary in size, from a few millimeters to a few centimeters and grow over time.

women

Men and women are at similar risk to develop colorectal cancer. The risk increases with age as the majority occurs in people age 50 and older. It is important to know also that the majority of people diagnosed with colon cancer have no prior history of. Colon cancer or polyps. People with a first degree relative (parent or sibling) with colon cancer or polyps have an increase risk at an. Earlier age, usually at 40 years old but sometimes even earlier. Other risk factors include smoking, alcohol use, obesity, sedentary lifestyle, and diet (occidental – high in red meat intake, low in. Vegetables). Awareness

screenings

The way to reduce your risk is to get regular screenings to find polyps before they turn into a cancer. Or to detect cancer at an early stage.The screening test includes Fecal Occult Blood Test (FOBT), flexible sigmoidoscopy, colonoscopy. Double contrast barium enema, and CT colonography (virtual colonoscopy).

The flexible tube allows for the removal of polyps and tissue for biopsy. The advantages are that the patient is comfortable (he receives a sedative during the procedure) and the ability to remove. Any polyps detected. Screening colonoscopies have shown a reduction of death by colon cancer. Awareness

Screening save lives by detecting polyps in the colon allowing us to remove them before they become cancerous or finding cancer at an early stage when treatment works best. Once colon cancer has developed, it may cause different symptoms including rectal bleeding, abdominal pain, constipation or diarrhea, and weight loss.

High risk patients, such as patients with inflammatory bowel disease (Ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s colitis) or patients with uncommon familial cancer syndromes, may require more frequent colonoscopies.

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